Body Region: Cardiovascular
Author: Axel Küttner, MD, Erlangen, Germany
1. Patient presentation
- A premature boy born in the thirty-fifth gestational week and weighing only 1700 g was referred
from a small rural hospital for further examination of a suspected cardiac anomaly.
- Ultrasonography and echocardiography revealed a complex syndrome, including left-sided renal
agenesis and hydromyelia, but no cerebral anomalies.
- Echocardiography also provided evidence of a persistent ductus arteriosus, a persistent foramen
ovale, an apical ventricular septum defect, and pulmonary hypertension.
- To better asses the morphological situation and to rule out pulmonary dysgenesis, a CT
examination was ordered.