Low-dose CT lung cancer screening causes only one radiation-induced tumor for every 108 lung cancers detected early

Analysis of longitudinal data from the Italian low-dose CT lung cancer screening trial “COSMOS” reveals that, for every 108 lung cancers detected early, one radiation-induced tumor also arises, leading researchers to conclude that, although the risk of screening-induced cancer is real, it “can be considered acceptable” given the health benefits of early detection.


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